Thegenus arachis evolvedinthesouthwestof brazilsmatogrossodosulornortheastern. Pdf international journal of pest management peanut. Status bintil akar dan pertumbuhan vegetatif kacang tanah arachis. Arachis hypogaea, commonly known as peanut, is an herbaceous perennial that is raised as an annual. About groundnut genotyping groundnut arachis hypogaea composite collection using ssr markers hd upadhyaya1, ranjana bhattacharjee1, d bertioli2, d hoisington1, rps pundir1, jfm valls3, s chandra1, s singh1, mc moretzsohn3, s lealbertioli3 and p guimaraes3 1. Selection of bangka local groundnut arachis hypogaea l.
The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Pada batang zea mays memiliki sebaran berkas pembuluh yang tidak jelas dan tidak memiliki kambium. It is classified as both a grain legume and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop. Evaluation of the vegetative and yield performances of. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. Arachis hypogaea erdnuss fabaceae bochumer botanischen. It is primarily grown as an agricultural crop for harvest of peanuts which have become a favorite food consumed world. Induksi kalus dilakukan dengan jalan memacu pembelahan sel secara terus menerus dari bagian tanaman tertentu seperti daun, akar, batang, dan sebagainya. Also covers those considered historical not seen in 20 years. Status bintil akar dan pertumbuhan vegetatif kacang tanah arachis hypogaea setelah pemberian pestisida pada media tumbuh. Early spanish and portuguese explorers discovered indigenous people of. Phytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles to peanut arachis hypogaea l. Tem image of ag nps, and gas chromatogram of fatty acid in peanut grain pdf.
General information about arachis hypogaea arhhy argentina, bolivia. Nelson spent much of her youth living on different military bases and began writing poetry in. Tomsichphoto researchers the peanut is an annual and can either be an erect shrubby plant, 4560 cm 1824 inches high with short branches, or have a spreading form, 3045 cm 1218 inches high with long branches that lie close to the soil. Menurut simpson 2006, kedudukan kacang tanah arachis hypogaea. Hydrogenated peanut oil, peanut acid, and peanut glycerides are all derived from peanut oil. Abstract dry seeds of groundnut arachis hypogaea varieties samnut 10 and samnut 20 obtained from the ministry of agriculture, ilorin, nigeria were treated with sodium azide concentrations 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mm to evaluate the vegetative and yield performances of the varieties in response to treatment. The leaves are alternate and pinnate with four leaflets two opposite pairs. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Arachis hypogaea cv tifrunner is a common cultivar of a.
Pdf keywords arachis hypogeal fatty acid growing season iodine value oleic linoleic acid abstract peanut is one of the most. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Deskripsi kacang tanah arachis hypogaea biology smart. Iron and zinc concentrations in peanut arachis hypogaea l. Bukubuku ruasruas batang yang terletak di dalam tanah merupakan tempat melekat akar, bunga, dan buah rukmana, 1998. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. Arachis hypogaea arhhyoverview eppo global database.
Kalbererandvikasbelamkar,april2014 cultivated peanut arachis hypogaea origins have been debated vigorously. Arachisduranensis,arachisipaensis,andtheoriginsofcultivatedpeanut arachis hypogaea scottr. Peanut flour is a powder obtained by the grinding of peanuts. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Arachis hypogaea peanut oil is a pale yellow oil obtained from peanuts. Peanut arachis hypogaea, also known as groundnut, is an important legume crop across the americas, africa and asia, where it is grown for local consumption and international trade, as a food and oil product. China is the worlds largest peanut producer, contributing. Arachis hypogaea by marilyn nelson about this poet marilyn nelson was born in cleveland, ohio, into a military family. Ang arachis hypogaea sakop sa kahenera nga arachis sa kabanay nga fabaceae. International crops research institute for the semiarid tropics, patancheru 502 324, ap, india. Find out more about the peanut arachis hypogaea assay from ids we use tools, such as cookies, to enable essential services and functionality on our site. All single nu cleotide polymorphisms were confirmed by manual inspection. Although there is high level of morphological diversity among varieties of a. Final report on the safety assessment of peanut arachis.
It is one of natures most nutritious seeds and one of the worlds most popular and universal crops, cultivated in nearly 100 countries in all six continents. Chalapathi institute of pharmaceutical sciences 2, lam, guntur, andhra pradesh, india. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. It is believed that peanuts center of genetic diversity was in south america, specifically northern paraguay and southern brazil pattee and young, 1982. Pada batang arachis hypogaea terdiri dari beberapa bagian sel, yaitu epidermis pada bagian. Arachis hypogaea is a good example of symbiotic association for nitrogen fixation. Arachis hypogaea, polyphenols, stilbenoids, symbiotic association, aspergillus.
Pronunciation of arachis hypogaea with 2 audio pronunciations, 4 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for arachis hypogaea. Peanuts are the host of fungi aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus are of particular agricultural significance due to their ability to produce carcinogenic aflatoxins. Arachis hypogea peanut, groundnut, an annual oil seed belonging to the leguminosae family and the papillionacea subfamily, is a legume. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Peanut arachis hypogaea oil is the refined fixed oil obtained from the seed kernels of arachis hypogaea. Ppt morfologi akar kacang tanah arachis hypogaea alifa. The oils and glycerides function in cosmetic formulations as skinconditioning agents. The institute of food and agricultural sciences ifas is an equal opportunity institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with nondiscrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Reproduced from the series plant resources of southeast asia, vols 120 19892000, by kind permission of the prosea foundation, bogor, indonesia. Central, north, south not a problem species undocumented for status assessments. Arachis hypogaea is an indeterminate and annual herbaceous legume crop of global importance. Analysis of genomic sequences from peanut arachis hypogaea.
We also use this to collect data on how our visitors interact with our site, products and services. This is maintained at griffin, ga and is in the germplasm information resource network grin as pi 644011. It somewhat resembles in appearance a small sweet pea bush. Ista universal list page 1 of 1 arachis hypogaea l. The recent botanical taxonomic system of peanut cultivars jircas. Cultivated forms were first developed and selected in south america, and the crop is now grown in tropical and subtropical countries worldwide, including parts of the mediterranean region and near east. An overview on arachis hypogaea plant html full text. Umamaheswar rao 1 cmr college of pharmacy 1, kandlakoya, medchal, hyderabad, andhra pradesh, india. Apart from the peanut plants beneficial effects on soil. At least one species, the peanut arachis hypogaea, is a major food crop species of global importance. Additional hydrogen atoms are added to peanut oil to make hydrogenated peanut oil. Pdf the present investigation was conducted to find out the effect of varying levels of fly ash and.
Arachis is a genus of about 70 species of annual and perennial flowering plants in the pea family, native to south america, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic pterocarpus clade of the dalbergieae. Arachis hypogaea peanut is a herbaceous species of plants in the family fabaceae, with a selfsupporting growth habit. Ars germplasm resources information network arhy integrated taxonomic information system arhy. Jumlah bintil akar dan hasil kacang tanah arachis hypogaea l. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Peanut glycerides is a mixture of mono, di and triglycerides derived from peanut oil, while peanut acid is a. Dimana tanaman ini merupakan tanaman yang terus dikembangkan dan dibudidayakan dengan berbagai teknik dan pedoman agar meningkatkan mutu dan kualitas hasil komoditi produksi kacang tanah dalam bidang industry dan pangan. Pada akar arachis hypogaea memiliki bagian yang seperti batang monokotil yaitu terdapat penyebaran yang tidak merata dalam penyebaran sistem pengangkutan. Peanut flowers are borne in axillary clusters above the ground. Arachis hypogaea by marilyn nelson poetry foundation. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Tanaman kacang tanah memiliki bagianbagian antara lain.1315 442 17 1044 1200 796 1293 867 1490 307 1419 1456 528 1294 117 388 251 189 740 324 1570 1156 1027 1075 171 210 761 646 1309 1044 1247 742 421 1031 329 186 1108 975 494 728 353 972 725